Whether in the medical, agricultural or academic sectors, the Intelligence of Things will become a part of many areas in society. However at this point, this sector, sometimes known as Web 3.0, faces many challenges. How can we make objects communicate with each other, no matter how different they might be? With the Semantic Web, a window and a thermometer can be connected, or a CO2 sensor and a computer. Research in this area of the web also aims to open up the technological borders that separate networks, just like research around the Open RAN. This network architecture, based on free software, could put an end to the domination of the small number of equipment manufacturers that telecommunications operators rely on.
However, the number of devices accessing networks is constantly rising. This trend risks making the movement of data more complicated and generating interference, or information jamming phenomena, which are caused in particular by the number of connected devices. By exploring the nature of different kinds of interference and their unique features, we can deal with them and limit them more efficiently.
Furthermore, interference also occurs in alternative telecommunications systems, like Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access (NOMA). While this system makes it possible to host more users on networks, as frequency sub-bands are shared better, interference still presents an intrinsic problem. All these challenges must be overcome for networks to be able to interconnect efficiently and facilitate data-sharing between consumers, data processors, storage centers and authorities in the future.